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The main objective of the research was to make an approximation about the civic-political integration of Bolivian immigrants and their political ties with the society of origin, to outline important aspects of the experience of voting abroad in the general elections of Bolivia in the outside.

At the same time, through the study, identify the different forms and spaces of social and political participation in the Community of Madrid and the existence of factors and variables that intervene in the political-citizen linkage of immigrants with their home society. The results obtained provide a more detailed and in-depth knowledge about the causes and factors that foster this linkage or affiliation, in terms of interest and the exercise of political rights. These processes have a positive impact on both societies (origin and destination). A Bolivian immigrant who exercises the right to vote in Spain, is part of actions of social participation, claims and feeds democratic praxis on both shores (the socio-political remittances of the Bolivian population)
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Through the preparation of this study, with emphasis on political and civil rights and obligations; Having as its research areas: POLITICS, GENDER AND IMMIGRATION, the purpose is to promote, sensitize and contribute to the inclusion of immigrant women residing in the Community of Madrid and their demands in public policies, actions, electoral processes, political parties, budgets And civil society. Through participatory action research, the concepts of participation, rights, obligations, citizenship, leadership and good practices are analyzed with a group of Bolivian women in principle and from diverse Latin American origins, as suggestions to take in Counts both in communities of origin and destination.

The migratory movement has been a daily reality for several years in Spain, so the participation of immigrants is very important and enriching socially, through a solid associative fabric, which advocates for their rights, freedoms and their training. The experience of migration has begun to change the perception - for immigrant women - of a passive situation to a role of immigrant women who have gone from being "housewives" to becoming the main source of income for their family and Their community in many cases. The trajectory of Bolivian and Latin American migration in general is a paradigmatic example of this transformation, since the woman has been the pioneer in migrating to Spain and many nationalities still maintain a high feminization rate.
This research focused on the role of Latin American women, and in particular, Bolivian women, adds a further step in the strengthening of their presence and contribution to wealth, in principle the closest environment which generates a new identity by the Contribution in many aspects to the community of which it is part and of which it is original.

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Immigration and Disability. "The situation of immigrants with disabilities in the municipality of Leganés. Dissemination of results of the diagnosis made, awareness-raising and participatory consultation.


Diagnosis carried out on "The situation of immigrants with disabilities in the municipality of Leganés, carried out by SOLIDARIDAD SIN FRONTERAS, thanks to the support of the Area of ​​Disability of the City of Leganés, general report, that immigrants with some disability next to their condition Of irregular administrative status, in some cases, constitutes a worsening of their personal situation, since they lack sanitary card, residence permit and certificate of handicap, reason why the mix of these conditions suppose negative factors that prevents the treatment of the disability , Hinders the integration process and therefore hinders access to the world of work, its autonomy and independence.
One of the main conclusions reached by the aforementioned SSF study refers to the relationship between immigration, disability and exclusion. Foreigners with disabilities are sometimes doubly discriminated against. On the one hand, the disadvantages originate in the very condition of immigrants, but also, they face a situation of exclusion motivated by the disability. On the other hand, there are few specialized care services for this sector of the population and, when there are, often the beneficiaries are unaware of it.
"Coordination relations between services are, in this case, a fundamental element", the report stresses. It may also happen that, even knowing its existence, the illegality condition prevents access to the health card or certificate of disability and, therefore, to the treatment itself. With respect to the workplace, together with the legal circumstances of illegality, which "hinder access to certain minimum social rights," are added difficulties in finding a job. Both situations can determine "working conditions below the minimum levels", insufficient incomes and, consequently, lack of other resources such as sustenance and housing. As a significant factor, access to basic and universal services is limited for this group, according to the report, immigrants with disabilities "have very low levels of social and labor insertion, with high levels of precariousness." More than half are unemployed.
The study focuses on making a diagnosis about the situation of immigrants with some type of disability in the municipality of Leganés in Madrid, approaching the situation of social vulnerability of these people, identifying the level of support, benefits and services with which Political, economic, social, welfare, legal and educational areas to analyze their vulnerability due to their status as immigrants and disabled people and to what extent they are involved from administrations, social entities, education system and companies to favor Its integration process, social and labor inclusion, and, based on this diagnosis, to be able to offer the different social agents the necessary tools and measures (in the form of recommendations) for an effective intervention to this group and from different social institutions ( Administration, social entities, schools and companies).


On Thursday, January 16, 2014, in the city of Cochabamba - Bolivia, in the Auditorium of CEPLAG (Center for Planning and Management of the Greater University of San Simón de Cochabamba - Bolivia) Solidaridad Sin Fronteras "SSF" Internationally constituted in Bolivia, Spain and Belgium, presented the results of the first development project executed in Bolivia.
The actions were carried out on the ground by CAMN (in direct coordination with Solidaridad Sin Fronteras SSF - ONGD), responsible professionals in the field: Graciela Vásquez Zambrana, Antonio Mayorga Lazcano (CAMN) working group designated for the direct development, also coordinated actions with Dr. Carmen Ledo (Universidad Mayor de San Simón - CEPLAG) and Olivia Román (organization CIUDADANIA); And Jean-Michel Lafleur University of Liège, Institut des Sciences Humaines et Social, CEDEM Belgium.


We attach the study made in this great international effort to approach and work for the rights of returnees and their realities.
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